# subj

The subj relation is used for all subjects, regardless of their form (nominal or verbal). This relationship encompasses both the nsubj and csubj relationships as defined by UD, as the following examples show.

English

English

## Deep syntactic features

The subj relation has two deep syntactic sub-relations. The sub-relation subj@expl is used to indicate that the subject is present to fill in an obligatory syntactic position and has no semantic value. You can find more information about the expletive constructions on this page.

French

Meanwhile, the sub-relation subj@pass is used to indicate a passive construction. This sub-relation can be used for both standard passive constructions, and for mediopassive constructions. You can find more information about passive constructions on this page.

English

French

Czech

French

Russian